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2017考研何凯文每日一句长难句解析(24)

来源:未知   编辑:2016考研网   时间:2016-04-06 09:15点击:

长难句是考研英语复习的重点和难点,无论是在考研英语阅读或是翻译题中,学生对于考研英语长难句结构的掌握和句型的理解都是解答题目的关键所在。所以,同学们要想在考研英语翻译或者阅读中有所突破,对于考研英语长难句的练习则必不可少。鉴于此,文都2016考研网将给大家同步整理编辑2017考研何凯文每日一句长难句解析系列文章,希望对同学们有所帮助。以下是本期相关内容,同学们快来一起复习吧。

2017考研何凯文每日一句长难句解析(24)

The pursuit of private interests with as little interference as possible from government was seen as the road to human happiness and progress rather than the public obligation and involvement in the collective community that emphasized by the Greeks.

词汇突破:

pursuit 追求

Interference 干涉

Obligation 责任,义务

Involvement 关于,涉及,参与

rather than 而不是

Greeks 不是“格瑞克斯”哈,是希腊人

主干识别:The pursuit of private interests was seen as the road to human happiness and progress.

其他成分:with as little interference as possible from government 状语

rather than the public obligation and involvement in the collective community that emphasized by the Greeks.状语

难点解析:最难的就是第一个状语的语序,其实如果看句子比较多的同学你会发现这种用法基本是种习惯用法了,我来帮你调一下语序:

with as little interference as possible from government=

with interference from government as little as possible

这样就懂了吧。

在真题中有这样一个结构:

in as obvious a manner as possible

试着调整一下语序;

别问我歪果仁怎么要这样写,他们是逗逼呗。

参考译文: 在尽可能少的ZF干预下追求个人利益被看作为通往人类幸福和进步的道路, 而不是希腊人所强调的集体社会中的公共义务与参与。

这里有一个同类型的句子:

His function is analogous to that of a judge, who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a manner as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.

词汇突破:

analogous 类似于

Obligation 义务

Manner 方式

Reason 推理

Reveal 揭示(在这个句子中最好翻译为“展示”)

Function 在这个语境中应该是“职责”

句子主干:His function is analogous to that of a judge

其他成分:who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a manner as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.定语从句

微观分析:who=judge 或者就是前面的he,因为两人的职责是类似的所以指代谁都是一样的。

这个部分的难点在于你要识别出revealing的宾语

revealing the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.

in as obvious a manner as possible做的是状语,看看刚才我们是怎么处理的:

in a manner as obvious as possible

用尽可能明显的方式;

( ,in the manner of a hero ,用一种英雄的方式)

后面的which led him to his decision修饰过程,你问我为什么不修饰reasoning,你自己翻译就知道不通顺了,这是语法解决不了的二义性,从语法上讲都是可以的时候就只有看语境了。

参考译文:他的职责与法官相似,他必须承担这样的责任:用尽可能明了的方式来展示自己做出决定的推理过程。



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