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2015考研英语二完形填空真题及答案

来源:未知   编辑:2016考研网   时间:2016-08-16 14:49点击:

编者寄语:【2017.8.15】

考研参考书很多很厚,那么知道该读哪些书,读的顺序又是一个问题。这里分享一些学习参考书的方法,并给大家提供一些建议。选择参考书首先要看是否根据最新大纲编写,大纲是出题的依据,复习的指挥棒。其次要看编写质量,比较省事的方法是查看出版社,权威出版社要兼顾长期效益,书的质量会比较高。

再次针对备考时期和个人特点选择参考书,比如,复习初期就没必要选择"冲刺"、"模拟"之类的辅导书,买书前先翻几页,同类书的相同内容多比较比较。在考研复习中,建议先浅后深、先易后难,一方面循序渐进接受知识,另一方面也能帮助童鞋们树立信心。

复习书是否贴近考试,当然要与真题对比了。开始复习时,我们建议根据自己的能力选择难易适当的参考书,复习的中、后期,参考资料和模拟题要与真题看齐,甚至要比真题稍难一些。

同学们在复习考研英语完形填空的时候要吃透真题,真正掌握考研英语完形填空的解题技巧,争取在考场上少出错。以下是2015考研英语二完形填空真题及答案的相关内容,同学们可参考复习。

2015年考研英语(二)完型填空选自美国当今最具影响力新闻博客网站《赫芬顿邮报》(The Huffington Post)在2014年5月16日发布的一篇博文,原文题目为“This Is Why You Ignore Everybody On The Subway -- And Why You Should Stop”,原文篇幅很长,共计17段,2015年英语二考试只选取了前七段。原文如下:

《赫芬顿邮报》中的前七段原文:

While the subway's arrival may be ambiguous, one thing about your commute is certain: No one wants to talk to each other. In our contemporary culture, the prospect of communicating with -- or even looking at -- a stranger is virtually unbearable. Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they fiddle with their phones, even without a signal underground.

It's a sad reality -- our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings -- because there's much to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you. But you wouldn't know it, plugged into your phone. This universal armor sends the message: "Please don't approach me."

What is it that makes us feel we need to hide behind our screens?

One answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, executive mental coach and author of "Hijacked by Your Brain: How to Free Yourself When Stress Takes Over." We fear rejection, or that our innocent social advances will be misinterpreted as "creepy," he told The Huffington Post. We fear we'll be judged. We fear we'll be disruptive.

Strangers are inherently unfamiliar to us, so we are more likely to feel anxious when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances. To avoid this anxiety, we turn to our phones. "Phones become our security blanket," Wortmann says. "They are our happy glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more dangerous."

But once we rip off the bandaid, tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up, it doesn't hurt so bad. In one 2011 experiment, behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable: Start a conversation. The duo had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow passengers. "When Dr. Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to predict how they would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their ride would be more pleasant if they sat on their own," the New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience, after they went through with the experiment, "not a single person reported having been snubbed."

In fact, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication, which makes absolute sense, since human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that simple: Talking to strangers can make you feel connected. The train ride is a fortuity for social connection -- "the stuff of life," Wortmann says. Even seemingly trivial interactions can boost mood and increase the sense of belonging. A study similar in hypothesis to Eply and Schroder's published in Social Psychological & Personality Science asked participants to smile, make eye contact and chat with their cashier. Those who engaged with the cashier experienced better moods -- and even reported a better shopping experience than those who avoided superfluous conversation.



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