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2015考研英语二真题及答案:完形填空

来源:未知   编辑:2016考研网   时间:2014-12-28 09:27点击:

2015年考研英语(二)完型填空选自美国当今最具影响力新闻博客网站《赫芬顿邮报》(The Huffington Post)在2014年5月16日发布的一篇博文,原文题目为“This Is Why You Ignore Everybody On The Subway -- And Why You Should Stop”,原文篇幅很长,共计17段,本次英语二考试只选取了前七段。原文如下:


【2015考研英语二完形填空答案】


1. signal 2. much3. plugged 4. message 5. behind 6. misinterpreted 7. judged 8. unfamiliar 9. anxious 10. turn 11. dangerous 12. hurt 13. conversation14. passengers 15. predict 16. ride 17. went through 18. in fact 19. since 20. simple


《赫芬顿邮报》中的前七段原文:


While the subway's arrival may be ambiguous, one thing about your commute is certain: No one wants to talk to each other. In our contemporary culture, the prospect of communicating with -- or even looking at -- a stranger is virtually unbearable. Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they fiddle with their phones, even without a signal underground.


It's a sad reality -- our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings -- because there's much to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you. But you wouldn't know it, plugged into your phone. This universal armor sends the message: "Please don't approach me."


What is it that makes us feel we need to hide behind our screens?


One answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, executive mental coach and author of "Hijacked by Your Brain: How to Free Yourself When Stress Takes Over." We fear rejection, or that our innocent social advances will be misinterpreted as "creepy," he told The Huffington Post. We fear we'll be judged. We fear we'll be disruptive.


Strangers are inherently unfamiliar to us, so we are more likely to feel anxious when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances. To avoid this anxiety, we turn to our phones. "Phones become our security blanket," Wortmann says. "They are our happy glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more dangerous."


But once we rip off the bandaid, tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up, it doesn't hurt so bad. In one 2011 experiment, behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable: Start a conversation. The duo had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow passengers. "When Dr. Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to predict how they would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their ride would be more pleasant if they sat on their own," the New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience, after they went through with the experiment, "not a single person reported having been snubbed."


In fact, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication, which makes absolute sense, since human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that simple: Talking to strangers can make you feel connected. The train ride is a fortuity for social connection -- "the stuff of life," Wortmann says. Even seemingly trivial interactions can boost mood and increase the sense of belonging. A study similar in hypothesis to Eply and Schroder's published in Social Psychological & Personality Science asked participants to smile, make eye contact and chat with their cashier. Those who engaged with the cashier experienced better moods -- and even reported a better shopping experience than those who avoided superfluous conversation.
 

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